WHAT IS THE MARIE CURIE RESEARCH PROGRAMME?

WHAT IS THE MARIE CURIE RESEARCH PROGRAMME?

Marie Curie is considered to be one of the most brilliant minds of the 20th century, and is a reference for all women scientists. Thanks to her pioneering work in the field of radioactivity, she became the first and so far only woman to receive two Nobel Prizes in different fields (physics and chemistry).

Curie was also the first woman to hold a professorship at the University of Paris. However, this Polish scientist, who later became a naturalised French citizen, had to fight against strict social rules (in early 20th century Warsaw, for example, women were not allowed to attend university), as well as her own precarious domestic situation in her hometown.

Curie, whose maiden name was Skłodowska, married Pierre Curie, with whom she had two daughters, and also spent much of her scientific career. With him, and thanks to his insistence on her merit in research, she won her first Nobel Prize in 1903. It is therefore not surprising that a research programme is named after this scientist.

 

MARIE CURIE: AN INCALCULABLE LEGACY

Marie Curie had an impact, not only in the scientific sphere, but also in the social and cultural sphere. Although she herself was not affiliated with feminism, the movement holds her as an emblem for overcoming the obstacles imposed on women not only as a researcher but also on a personal level. This was especially noticeable in the wake of her husband’s death, and her relationship with Paul Langevin, another scientist who was Pierre’s pupil.

According to Professor Leslie Pearce Williams of Cornell University, her work with reactivity “forced a rethinking of the fundamentals of physics”. Likewise, “at the experimental level,” the discovery contributed to others such as the atom, radiology, etc.

MARIE CURIE: AN INCALCULABLE LEGACY

Curie is also remembered for her work during the First World War. Not only was she one of the first women to receive a driving licence, but she also invented mobile radiography to examine more than a million wounded soldiers. Curie also founded France’s military radiology centre, where she was able to train more than 150 women in the operation of X-ray equipment.

 

WHAT DOES THE MARIE CURIE RESEARCH PROGRAMME DO?

The programme, actually called Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA), is responsible for helping to equip doctoral and post-doctoral researchers with the necessary tools. This is in line with Curie, as she and her husband donated their earnings to students and researchers.

The programme has different strands: postdoctoral fellowships, regional programmes, promotion of research among European citizens, research funding, and doctoral networks. You can apply as an organisation or individually xnxx.

These types of programmes have been made possible by people like Marie Curie who have understood the importance of scientific research. It is certainly one of the best ways to honour her legacy as a researcher, a pioneer and, above all, an altruistic person.

 

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SPAIN: FEMALE PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC SPACES IS IN DANGER

SPAIN: FEMALE PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC SPACES IS IN DANGER


Nightlife, while enjoyable, is dangerous. Between music, shots of alcohol and wild dancing, some of the darkest activities are hidden: drug use, kidnapping, rape and everything that darkness and murder can hide from view.

In recent months, we have seen how discos and nightclubs throughout Spain have been attacked with a new form of violence: the so-called “pricks”.

The idea? Simple. Take advantage of the scandal and the proximity of the bodies to inject unknown substances. Most of the victims are young and attractive women. The objective? It remains a partial mystery. After all, although there are some cases where attempted kidnapping and rape occur, there are much more cases where the victim is not attacked or does not even feel symptoms.

After reviewing the cases, many came to speculate about the reason behind all this. It was concluded that, although many punctures were there with the purposes that we already imagine, others seemed more than anything a measure of psycho-terror. I mean, a bunch of people sticking needles or anything else into nightclub girls just to make them believe they are or were in some way close to robbery or chemical submission sexual abuse video porno.

DANGER IN NIGHT CENTERS

Faced with this situation, where the lack of explanations only generates entropy, Minister Pilar Llop did not take long to speak out. According to an interview granted to TVE recently, she considers this fact as a macho way of expelling women from public and leisure spaces.

Llop indicated that, according to her, the greatest danger was her enigmatic nature. After all, it is a phenomenon about which very little is known, since there are few cases where the aggressor has been captured to get some information from him. The little information about the motives of the crime makes it very difficult to measure the proportion of its implications.

DANGER IN NIGHT CENTERS

 

HOW DOES THE STATE RESPOND?

Given the situation, and hoping to give continuity to the cases in order to develop a response mechanism, the minister invited the victims to follow the regular channels. That is, go immediately to the security service of the establishment. Subsequently, go to the nearest health center to undergo a review and file a complaint.

The minister placed special emphasis on this last point, explaining that, if there are no formal complaints, an investigation cannot be carried out and the patterns of each registered case cannot be analyzed. So, as a consequence, these acts of “gender violence” will continue to go unpunished.

She invited young women not to feel collective fear of this situation, as she assured that the State has the mechanisms to protect them and help them in case something like this happens to them.

 

WHAT TO DO IF YOU SUFFER FROM A PUNCTURE?

The first thing you should NOT do is start trying to draw conclusions or tie up loose ends. It is counterproductive, although it seems otherwise, to try to dissuade if we are facing the prick of some drug or a simple pin. This is not the time to think, but to act. After all, the first few minutes after the puncture are key to guaranteeing the safety and integrity of the victim.

The victim should immediately seek the company of any close friend or family member. This must be done within the first two minutes, which is when most drugs begin to act in the human body. Next, it is important to notify the security of the establishment. Many of them already have pre-established protocols for these cases.

Once this is done, the victim must go (always with company) to a health center immediately. There, the pertinent tests will be carried out to rule out drugs. Some health centers currently do other types of tests, such as HPV.

From there, the health center will guide the patient in the process of care and reporting of the case.

 

 

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The European Women’s Lobby project “Mobilising Young Women for Equality in Europe”

In July 1999, the EWL began a project called ” Mobilising Young Women for Equality in Europe” The overall objective of this project was to create awareness and facilitate debates among young women in the European Union about equality through an increased mobilization of young women in organised actions at national and European level.

The project was organised around a network of young co-ordinators in the 15 Member States of the European Union and a central coordination from the EWL Secretariat in Brussels.

Results so far
European and national seminars took place from November 1999 until June 2000. Theses meetings had several aims: discussing equality issues; awareness raising; establishing contacts.

The second European seminar brought together all national coordinators on 29 June – 1 July 2000, in Lisbon, Portugal, in concluding the seminar, the “Young Women’s Manifesto” was launched.

In Lisbon, the “Young Women’s European Network” was also inaugurated. It is a platform for discussion, and an access point of information on young women and equality in Europe. It also functions as a representation of young women’s opinions for decision makers and women’s organisations. Equally national networks of young women are being set up, or are already established in the EU Member States.

The Young Women’s Guide for Equality in Europe

Relationships between women and men, young women in education, employment, health, violence, the media, decision-making and European legislation on equality between women and men: these are the themes that young European women have chosen to analyse in the Young Women’s Guide. The aim is to highlight where progress has been made towards equality between women and men in Europe and to identify how the European Union can contribute to further progress.

This guide was designed by young women for young women, as a resource for raising awareness, to support lobbying actions in Europe Union and to facilitate debate in the Member States. The themes of this guide are by no means all encompassing; rather, they reflect a number of the key concerns of young women in the European Union.

For each theme, “The Facts” provides an overview of the situation of young women in Europe, “The Law” lists the main actions taken and European legislation on the subject and “Young Women’s Ideas” outlines the specific recommendations of young women for ongoing progress between women and men on each theme. This final section incorporates the opinions of many different young women, although of course it does not reflect the complete range of all young women’s opinions or the full diversity of women’s lives.

The project was partly funded by the European Commission under the 4th Action Programme on Equal Opportunities. The partners were the Portuguese Minister for Equality and the Portuguese as well as the Swedish EWL co-ordinations.